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1.语言代码参考手册

ISO 语言代码

HTML 的 lang 属性可用于网页或部分网页的语言。这对搜索引擎和浏览器是有帮助的。

根据 W3C 推荐标准,您应该通过 <html> 标签中的 lang 属性对每张页面中的主要语言进行声明,比如:

<html lang="en">
...
</html>

在 XHTML 中,采用如下方式在 <html> 标签中对语言进行声明:

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
...
</html>

ISO 639-1 语言代码

ISO 639-1 为各种语言定义了缩略词。您可以在 HTML 和 XHTML 中的 lang 和 xml:lang 属性中使用它们。

Language ISO Code
Abkhazian ab
Afar aa
Afrikaans af
Albanian sq
Amharic am
Arabic ar
Armenian hy
Assamese as
Aymara ay
Azerbaijani az
Bashkir ba
Basque eu
Bengali (Bangla) bn
Bhutani dz
Bihari bh
Bislama bi
Breton br
Bulgarian bg
Burmese my
Byelorussian (Belarusian) be
Cambodian km
Catalan ca
Cherokee  
Chewa  
Chinese (Simplified) zh
Chinese (Traditional) zh
Corsican co
Croatian hr
Czech cs
Danish da
Divehi  
Dutch nl
Edo  
English en
Esperanto eo
Estonian et
Faeroese fo
Farsi fa
Fiji fj
Finnish fi
Flemish  
French fr
Frisian fy
Fulfulde  
Galician gl
Gaelic (Scottish) gd
Gaelic (Manx) gv
Georgian ka
German de
Greek el
Greenlandic kl
Guarani gn
Gujarati gu
Hausa ha
Hawaiian  
Hebrew he, iw
Hindi hi
Hungarian hu
Ibibio  
Icelandic is
Igbo  
Indonesian id, in
Interlingua ia
Interlingue ie
Inuktitut iu
Inupiak ik
Irish ga
Italian it
Japanese ja
Javanese jv
Kannada kn
Kanuri  
Kashmiri ks
Kazakh kk
Kinyarwanda (Ruanda) rw
Kirghiz ky
Kirundi (Rundi) rn
Konkani  
Korean ko
Kurdish ku
Laothian lo
Latin la
Latvian (Lettish) lv
Limburgish ( Limburger) li
Lingala ln
Lithuanian lt
Macedonian mk
Malagasy mg
Malay ms
Malayalam ml
   
Maltese mt
Maori mi
Marathi mr
Moldavian mo
Mongolian mn
Nauru na
Nepali ne
Norwegian no
Occitan oc
Oriya or
Oromo (Afan, Galla) om
Papiamentu  
Pashto (Pushto) ps
Polish pl
Portuguese pt
Punjabi pa
Quechua qu
Rhaeto-Romance rm
Romanian ro
Russian ru
Sami (Lappish)  
Samoan sm
Sangro sg
Sanskrit sa
Serbian sr
Serbo-Croatian sh
Sesotho st
Setswana tn
Shona sn
Sindhi sd
Sinhalese si
Siswati ss
Slovak sk
Slovenian sl
Somali so
Spanish es
Sundanese su
Swahili (Kiswahili) sw
Swedish sv
Syriac  
Tagalog tl
Tajik tg
Tamazight  
Tamil ta
Tatar tt
Telugu te
Thai th
Tibetan bo
Tigrinya ti
Tonga to
Tsonga ts
Turkish tr
Turkmen tk
Twi tw
Uighur ug
Ukrainian uk
Urdu ur
Uzbek uz
Venda  
Vietnamese vi
Volapuk vo
Welsh cy
Wolof wo
Xhosa xh
Yi  
Yiddish yi, ji
Yoruba yo
Zulu zu

2.ISO-8859-1 参考手册

HTML 4.01 支持 ISO 8859-1 (Latin-1) 字符集。

ISO-8859-1 的较低部分(从 1 到 127 之间的代码)是最初的 7 比特 ASCII。

ISO-8859-1 的较高部分(从 160 到 255 之间的代码)全都有实体名称。

这些符号中的大多数都可以在不进行实体引用的情况下使用,但是实体名称或实体编号为那些不容易通过键盘键入的符号提供了表达的方法。

注释:实体名称对大小写敏感。

 

带有实体名称的 ASCII 实体

结果 描述 实体名称 实体编号
" quotation mark &quot; &#34;
' apostrophe  &apos; &#39;
& ampersand &amp; &#38;
< less-than &lt; &#60;
> greater-than &gt; &#62;

ISO 8859-1 符号实体

结果 描述 实体名称 实体编号
  non-breaking space &nbsp; &#160;
¡ inverted exclamation mark &iexcl; &#161;
¢ cent &cent; &#162;
£ pound &pound; &#163;
¤ currency &curren; &#164;
¥ yen &yen; &#165;
¦ broken vertical bar &brvbar; &#166;
§ section &sect; &#167;
¨ spacing diaeresis &uml; &#168;
© copyright &copy; &#169;
ª feminine ordinal indicator &ordf; &#170;
« angle quotation mark (left) &laquo; &#171;
¬ negation &not; &#172;
­ soft hyphen &shy; &#173;
® registered trademark &reg; &#174;
¯ spacing macron &macr; &#175;
° degree &deg; &#176;
± plus-or-minus  &plusmn; &#177;
² superscript 2 &sup2; &#178;
³ superscript 3 &sup3; &#179;
´ spacing acute &acute; &#180;
µ micro &micro; &#181;
paragraph &para; &#182;
· middle dot &middot; &#183;
¸ spacing cedilla &cedil; &#184;
¹ superscript 1 &sup1; &#185;
º masculine ordinal indicator &ordm; &#186;
» angle quotation mark (right) &raquo; &#187;
¼ fraction 1/4 &frac14; &#188;
½ fraction 1/2 &frac12; &#189;
¾ fraction 3/4 &frac34; &#190;
¿ inverted question mark &iquest; &#191;
× multiplication &times; &#215;
÷ division &divide; &#247;

ISO 8859-1 字符实体

结果 描述 实体名称 实体编号
À capital a, grave accent &Agrave; &#192;
Á capital a, acute accent &Aacute; &#193;
 capital a, circumflex accent &Acirc; &#194;
à capital a, tilde &Atilde; &#195;
Ä capital a, umlaut mark &Auml; &#196;
Å capital a, ring &Aring; &#197;
Æ capital ae &AElig; &#198;
Ç capital c, cedilla &Ccedil; &#199;
È capital e, grave accent &Egrave; &#200;
É capital e, acute accent &Eacute; &#201;
Ê capital e, circumflex accent &Ecirc; &#202;
Ë capital e, umlaut mark &Euml; &#203;
Ì capital i, grave accent &Igrave; &#204;
Í capital i, acute accent &Iacute; &#205;
Î capital i, circumflex accent &Icirc; &#206;
Ï capital i, umlaut mark &Iuml; &#207;
Ð capital eth, Icelandic &ETH; &#208;
Ñ capital n, tilde &Ntilde; &#209;
Ò capital o, grave accent &Ograve; &#210;
Ó capital o, acute accent &Oacute; &#211;
Ô capital o, circumflex accent &Ocirc; &#212;
Õ capital o, tilde &Otilde; &#213;
Ö capital o, umlaut mark &Ouml; &#214;
Ø capital o, slash &Oslash; &#216;
Ù capital u, grave accent &Ugrave; &#217;
Ú capital u, acute accent &Uacute; &#218;
Û capital u, circumflex accent &Ucirc; &#219;
Ü capital u, umlaut mark &Uuml; &#220;
Ý capital y, acute accent &Yacute; &#221;
Þ capital THORN, Icelandic &THORN; &#222;
ß small sharp s, German &szlig; &#223;
à small a, grave accent &agrave; &#224;
á small a, acute accent &aacute; &#225;
â small a, circumflex accent &acirc; &#226;
ã small a, tilde &atilde; &#227;
ä small a, umlaut mark &auml; &#228;
å small a, ring &aring; &#229;
æ small ae &aelig; &#230;
ç small c, cedilla &ccedil; &#231;
è small e, grave accent &egrave; &#232;
é small e, acute accent &eacute; &#233;
ê small e, circumflex accent &ecirc; &#234;
ë small e, umlaut mark &euml; &#235;
ì small i, grave accent &igrave; &#236;
í small i, acute accent &iacute; &#237;
î small i, circumflex accent &icirc; &#238;
ï small i, umlaut mark &iuml; &#239;
ð small eth, Icelandic &eth; &#240;
ñ small n, tilde &ntilde; &#241;
ò small o, grave accent &ograve; &#242;
ó small o, acute accent &oacute; &#243;
ô small o, circumflex accent &ocirc; &#244;
õ small o, tilde &otilde; &#245;
ö small o, umlaut mark &ouml; &#246;
ø small o, slash &oslash; &#248;
ù small u, grave accent &ugrave; &#249;
ú small u, acute accent &uacute; &#250;
û small u, circumflex accent &ucirc; &#251;
ü small u, umlaut mark &uuml; &#252;
ý small y, acute accent &yacute; &#253;
þ small thorn, Icelandic &thorn; &#254;
ÿ small y, umlaut mark &yuml; &#255;

3.ASCII 参考手册

7 比特 可显示的 ASCII 代码

结果 描述 实体编号
  space &#32;
! exclamation mark &#33;
" quotation mark &#34;
# number sign &#35;
$ dollar sign &#36;
% percent sign &#37;
& ampersand &#38;
' apostrophe &#39;
( left parenthesis &#40;
) right parenthesis &#41;
* asterisk &#42;
+ plus sign &#43;
, comma &#44;
- hyphen &#45;
. period &#46;
/ slash &#47;
0 digit 0 &#48;
1 digit 1 &#49;
2 digit 2 &#50;
3 digit 3 &#51;
4 digit 4 &#52;
5 digit 5 &#53;
6 digit 6 &#54;
7 digit 7 &#55;
8 digit 8 &#56;
9 digit 9 &#57;
: colon &#58;
; semicolon &#59;
< less-than &#60;
= equals-to &#61;
> greater-than &#62;
? question mark &#63;
@ at sign &#64;
A uppercase A &#65;
B uppercase B &#66;
C uppercase C &#67;
D uppercase D &#68;
E uppercase E &#69;
F uppercase F &#70;
G uppercase G &#71;
H uppercase H &#72;
I uppercase I &#73;
J uppercase J &#74;
K uppercase K &#75;
L uppercase L &#76;
M uppercase M &#77;
N uppercase N &#78;
O uppercase O &#79;
P uppercase P &#80;
Q uppercase Q &#81;
R uppercase R &#82;
S uppercase S &#83;
T uppercase T &#84;
U uppercase U &#85;
V uppercase V &#86;
W uppercase W &#87;
X uppercase X &#88;
Y uppercase Y &#89;
Z uppercase Z &#90;
[ left square bracket &#91;
backslash &#92;
] right square bracket &#93;
^ caret &#94;
_ underscore &#95;
` grave accent &#96;
a lowercase a &#97;
b lowercase b &#98;
c lowercase c &#99;
d lowercase d &#100;
e lowercase e &#101;
f lowercase f &#102;
g lowercase g &#103;
h lowercase h &#104;
i lowercase i &#105;
j lowercase j &#106;
k lowercase k &#107;
l lowercase l &#108;
m lowercase m &#109;
n lowercase n &#110;
o lowercase o &#111;
p lowercase p &#112;
q lowercase q &#113;
r lowercase r &#114;
s lowercase s &#115;
t lowercase t &#116;
u lowercase u &#117;
v lowercase v &#118;
w lowercase w &#119;
x lowercase x &#120;
y lowercase y &#121;
z lowercase z &#122;
{ left curly brace &#123;
| vertical bar &#124;
} right curly brace &#125;
~ tilde &#126;

7 比特 设备控制 ASCII代码

ASCII设备控制代码最初被设计为用来控制诸如打印机和磁带驱动器之类的硬件设备。在HTML文档中这些代码不会起任何作用。

结果 描述 实体编号
NUL null character &#00;
SOH start of header &#01;
STX start of text &#02;
ETX end of text &#03;
EOT end of transmission &#04;
ENQ enquiry &#05;
ACK acknowledge &#06;
BEL bell (ring) &#07;
BS backspace &#08;
HT horizontal tab &#09;
LF line feed &#10;
VT vertical tab &#11;
FF form feed &#12;
CR carriage return &#13;
SO shift out &#14;
SI shift in &#15;
DLE data link escape &#16;
DC1 device control 1 &#17;
DC2 device control 2 &#18;
DC3 device control 3 &#19;
DC4 device control 4 &#20;
NAK negative acknowledge &#21;
SYN synchronize &#22;
ETB end transmission block &#23;
CAN cancel &#24;
EM end of medium &#25;
SUB substitute &#26;
ESC escape &#27;
FS file separator &#28;
GS group separator &#29;
RS record separator &#30;
US unit separator &#31;
DEL delete (rubout) &#127;